Project Proposal

Project Proposal

13 March 2112

Tara Speers, 4F03


To Project Captain and Editor, Dr. A Roddick,


A lot of archaeological effort so far has focused on architecture, building layouts, and materials. However, I would like to stress the value of a more macro landscape approach to further understand the broader social interaction, experience and organisation of the education site. This project would be low cost and require minimal participants.

I propose viewshed analysis and landscape analysis, with a focus of walkways and motor vehicle roadways within the primary site and the bordering residential and commercial areas. This analysis will provide data on who and how people were moving and where they were moving. Viewsheds will provide greater significance to the movement of groups by creating the landscapes people of certain pathways experience. Landscapes designate places, in effect creating their understanding of social place and organisation. Space may be thought of in this context as the pathways between the places. The spaces could be a greater influence of social order than the places. My analysis will draw on de Certeau and Bourdieu theories of space and place as influencers and caps on social order.

The study will require archival data on the types of buildings present (in part gathered by sister archaeological projects) and the basic makeup of the population (ie. students, residences, staff and faculty). Pathways have been rudimentarily identified by reference to building placements. This means we will require a ground survey to identify, measure and map pathways. To get a more thorough understanding of the types of pathways, material will be identified and sampled in order to conclusively distinguish between walkways, roadways and their boarders. Once this is accomplished GIS software will be utilised to map the area, identify viewsheds at over a dozen location marks and to calculated likely paths, highly traversed paths, and path travel times. In my analysis I will be sure to account for skewing factors such as renegotiation of place and pathways.

Letter from,




Tara Speers

Primary Source Blog – Bourdieu’s Habitus

Bridge, Gary.

2001. Bourdieu, Rational Action & the Time Space Strategy of

Gentrification. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.

          261: 205-216.

This article discusses how habitus is put into conscious  consideration during processes of gentrification.  There is a re-interpretation and reclamation of place by the working class. He considers gentrification a class reproduction of place, however it is complicated by changes of habitus over time.

Charlesworth, S. J., & Ebrary, I.

2000. A phenomenology of working class experience. Cambridge, UK ; New

York: Cambridge University Press.

This book was found in the references of the Diane Reay article. This book was accessed as an ebook through McMaster online library catalogue and hard copies are also available at Mills Library. It is a study of about 250,000 Yorkshire workers after massive employment and social program cutbacks in the 1970s. The research relies on Bourdieu’s habitus and a couple other theoretical practices. The author has a personal relation to the work as he grew up there and he even has personal relationships with the individuals. His research relied mainly on interviews conducted by him. His concern is in their powerlessness and their political disassociation.

Fleming, Diana.

2005. P. Bourdieu – Habitus: A Sense of Place. http://ist-socrates. 4/130/bourdieu.html

This source was found on a Google Scholar search of “bourdieu habitus”. It is a short educational explanation of Habitus created by Prof. Diana Fleming of Berkely University. This short article includes definition, features such as how it is acquired and understanding multiple habitus. Objective and Subjective mistakes of “missing” habitus is defined. She makes note of its relation to informing ideas of space and place. This is a useful overview when formulation ideas or during research.

Goodman, Jane E.

2009. Bourdieu in Algeria: Colonial Politics, Ethnographic  Practices,

Theoretical Developments. Lincoln: University of Alaska Press.

This is a book of articles of a range of topics.The Afterward and chapters four and five may be of use as they include practices of habitus. These chapters consist of the following articles: Ch. 4 Of Rooting and Uprooting. Kabyle Habitus, Domesticity, and Structural Nostalgia by Paul A. Silverstein, Ch 5. Phenomenology and Ethnography: On Kabyle Habitus in the Work of Pierre Bourdieu by Abdellah Hammoudi, and Afterward: Re-reading Bourdieu in the Twenty-first Century by Dale F. Eickelman.

King, Anthony.

2000. Thinking with Bourdieu against Bourdieu: A ‘Practice’ Critique of the

Habitus. Sociological Theory. 18:417-433.

This article was found on a search for “ critique habitus” in the JSTOR catalogue. The author critiques that Bourdieu’s practical theory is incompatible with his concept of habitus. He argues, Bourdieu tries to overcome objectivism and subjectivism in his social theory, but retreats into objectivism. The author credits that Bourdieu does succeed in overcoming these in practical theory when he focuses on intersubjective interactions between individuals. The author accounts space and place as “ structures” in his argument n pages 422 and 423.

McGuigan, Jim.

1997. Chapter 6: Relocating Location, Cultural Geography, the Specificity of

Place and the City Habitus. In Cultural Methodologies. Pp 126-141. London:

       Thousand Oaks California Sage.

Found on a Google Scholar Search of “habitus space place”. The book is also available in hard copy at Mills Library. The chapter in question has a focus of social and cultural geography. The purpose of the chapter is to argue that in cultural geography studies of the relationship between human agency, social process and spacial location, interpretations of spacial locations is lacking and is perceived as less important. He argues that considering the habitus of cities, location and locality with will regain rightful dynamism in these relationships.

Reay, Diane.

2004. ‘It’s All Becoming a Habitus’: Beyond the Habitual Use of Habitus in

Educational Research. British Journal of Sociology of Education. Special Issue:

        Pierre Bourdieu’s  Sociology of Education: The Theory of Practice and the

        Practice of Theory. 25(4):431-444.

This article was found in a search of “habitus” in the JSTOR online catalogue. This paper explains possibilities and limitations of using habitus as a tool to critique data and research agendas. The author specifically addresses how this has been done with gender and race research, especially in smaller research contexts. The overall focus of the paper is how it can be utilized as a tool in educational research. She criticizes how habitus has been used out of situational and research appropriate contexts. Her key issue is that habitus should be used as a research tool rather than an analytical tool and draws on research that has done so.