On this date in 1703 Daniel Defoe was placed in the pillory for seditious libel, but was pelted with flowers instead of garbage.
Frye in The Secular Scripture:
When the novel was established in the eighteenth century, it came to a public familiar with the conventions of prose romance. It is clear that the novel was a realistic displacement of romance, and had few structural features peculiar to itself. Robinson Crusoe, Tom Jones, Pamela, use much the same general structure as romance, but adapt that structure to a greater demand for greater conformity to ordinary experience. This displacement gave the novel’s relation to romance, as I suggested a moment ago, a strong element of parody. It would hardly be too much to say that, realistic fiction from Defoe to Henry James, is, when we look at it as a form of narrative technique, essentially parody-romance. (CW , 79)