BBC report on the release of Nelson Mandela from prison in February 1990
South Africans voted in a national referendum to end apartheid on this date in 1992.
Frye in one of the late notebooks links apartheid to the pernicious synthesis of religion and political doctrine:
The worst governments are those with double ideologies, where a political doctrine is backed by a religious one, as in Iran. Israel is better, but I’d hate to have to live even there. But South Africa’s apartheid is buttressed by a remarkably dismal Dutch Reformed creed, and fifty years ago the word “Christian” in the name of a political party meant “Roman Catholic Fascist.” (CW 6, 91)